Use Cases that are not appropriate for Electronic Signatures
Use cases that are specifically barred from digital or electronic processes or that include explicit requirements, such as handwritten (e.g. wet ink) signatures or formal notarial process that are not usually compatible with electronic signatures or digital transaction management.
- *Formal notarization – acts and contracts which have for their object the creation, transmission, modification or extinguishment of real rights over immovable property (Civil Code of Philippines)
- *Formal notarization – the cession, repudiation or renunciation of hereditary rights or of those of the conjugal partnership of gains (Civil Code of Philippines)
- *Formal notarization – the power to administer property, or any other power which has for its object an act appearing or which should appear in a public document, or should prejudice a third person (Civil Code of Philippines)
- *Formal notarization – the cession of actions or rights proceeding from an act appearing in a public document (Civil Code of Philippines)
- *Formal notarization – other deeds and documents that are required under applicable laws and regulations to appear in a public document (Civil Code of Philippines)
List of Local Trust Service Providers
||Regulatory Body/CA/DSC Providers
||Supported by emSigner
|Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)
||Accreditation and Assessment Body
|Philippine RootCA (ICTO-NCC)
||Root and Government CA
“Digital Signature” means a transformation of a message using an asymmetric cryptosystem such that a person having the initial message and the signer’s public key can accurately determine
(a) whether the transformation was created using the private key that corresponds to the signer’s public key;
(b) whether the message has been altered since the transformation was made
 An AES is an “advanced electronic signature”, a type of electronic signature that meets the following requirements:
(a) it is uniquely linked to the signatory;
(b) it is capable of identifying the signatory;
(c) it is created using means that are under the signatory’s sole control;
(d) it is linked to other electronic data in such a way that any alteration to the said data can be detected.
 A QES is a specific digital signature implementation that has met the particular specifications of a government, including using a secure signature creation device, and been certified as ‘qualified’ by either that government or a party contracted by that government.