Use Cases that are not appropriate for Electronic Signatures
Use cases that are specifically barred from digital or electronic processes or that include explicit requirements, such as handwritten (e.g. wet ink) signatures or formal notarial process that are not usually compatible with electronic signatures or digital transaction management.
- Corporate documents, such as articles of association (and amendments thereto), shareholders resolutions, share/asset transaction documents
- HR documents
- IP transfer documents
- Real property transfer contracts and deeds (except lease contracts and other contracts related to real estate, which can be generally signed validly via any form of electronic signature)
- Certain corporate documents, such as share/asset transactions documents
- Documents that pursuant to the relevant laws and regula¬tions must be made in written form; and
- Documents together with their supporting papers that pur¬suant to the relevant laws and regulations must be made in notarial deed form or deed form by a land deed official.
List of Local Trust Service Providers
||Regulatory Body/CA/DSC Providers
||Supported by emSigner
|Minister of Communications and Informatics (Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika or “Menkominfo”)
||Controller of Certification Authorities
“Digital Signature” means a transformation of a message using an asymmetric cryptosystem such that a person having the initial message and the signer’s public key can accurately determine
(a) whether the transformation was created using the private key that corresponds to the signer’s public key;
(b) whether the message has been altered since the transformation was made
 An AES is an “advanced electronic signature”, a type of electronic signature that meets the following requirements:
(a) it is uniquely linked to the signatory;
(b) it is capable of identifying the signatory;
(c) it is created using means that are under the signatory’s sole control;
(d) it is linked to other electronic data in such a way that any alteration to the said data can be detected.
 A QES is a specific digital signature implementation that has met the particular specifications of a government, including using a secure signature creation device, and been certified as ‘qualified’ by either that government or a party contracted by that government.